By Diana Hsieh
Every Saturday, I post the news of the week from my primary work, Philosophy in Action, where I apply rational principles to the challenges of real life. Here's this week's update.
Upcoming Radio Shows
Philosophy in Action Radio broadcasts live over the internet on most Sunday mornings and Wednesday evenings. Below are the episodes upcoming this week. I hope that you join us! More upcoming episodes can be found here: Episodes on Tap.
Sunday morning, 12 January 2014: Q&A on Justifying Punishment, Working Less, Price Gouging, and More
I'll answer these four questions on the live broadcast of Philosophy in Action Radio on Sunday morning, 12 January 2014.
- Question 1: Justifying Punishment: What justifies punishing people for committing crimes? In your 2006 graduate paper, "The Scope Problem in Punishment," you criticize utilitarian theories of punishment that aim for deterrence of future crimes on the grounds that they don't punish all and only those who are guilty. Yet why is that a problem? Moreover, why should a criminal be punished if doing so won't have any future benefits, such as deterring future crimes? Doesn't self-interest require that actions have some future benefit – and if so, shouldn't all punishment have some positive future effect like deterrence?
- Question 2: The Morality of Working Less: Is it moral to live on passive income or just work a "four hour work week"? Would that be compatible with the idea that a person's productive work should be his central purpose? If a person is so productive that he is able to enjoy a great life by only working a few hours per week, would it be wrong for that person to spend the rest of his time on travel, relationships, hobbies, self-improvement, education, and other non-productive interests?
- Question 3: The Morality of Price Gouging: Is it morally wrong to profit from someone else's distress? People often decry "taking advantage" of other people as cruel and wrong. For example, suppose that a person desperately needs water after a hurricane or other natural disaster. I charge him $1000 for a gallon jug, knowing that he can pay that much if he's really that desperate. Is such price gouging immoral? Is it fundamentally different from other kinds of trade – or just different in degree? Is it morally wrong to profit so handsomely by the distress and scanty options of other people in this way?
The podcasts of last week's radio shows are now available. Check out the full collection of past radio shows in the archives, sorted by date or by topic. Be sure to subscribe to the podcast RSS feed too.
5 January 2014: Q&A on Morality of Abortion, Injuries on the Job, Self-Sacrifice, and More
I answered these questions on Sunday's Philosophy in Action Radio:
Is elective abortion morally wrong? Should employers be required to warn employees of possible harms on the job? Should a person feel guilty for not acting selfishly enough?
You can listen to or download the podcast below, and visit the episode's page for more, including audio files for individual questions.
- Duration: 1:10:52
- Download: Enhanced M4A File (25.4 MB) or Standard MP3 File (24.4 MB)
- Tags: Abortion, Adoption, Business, Capitalism, Children, Contracts, Duty, Egoism, Emotions, Ethics, Forgiveness, Guilt, Justice, Law, Moral Wrongs, Obligation, Parenting, Responsibility, Rights, Risk, Sacrifice, Self-Sacrifice, Sex, Work
Recent Blog Posts
Here are last week's posts to Philosophy in Action's blog NoodleFood, ordered from oldest to newest. Don't miss a post: subscribe to NoodleFood's RSS Feed.
- January 4: A Great Leap Forward: Body Position in Riding
- January 5: Activism Recap
- January 6: NoodleCast #265: Morality of Abortion, Injuries on the Job, Self-Sacrifice, and More
- January 6: Report on 2013
- January 7: Manners for Kids: The Problem of Double Standards
- January 8: Coming Out Stories
- January 9: Preview: Sunday Radio: Justifying Punishment, Working Less, Price Gouging, and More
- January 9: Awesome + Crazy on Voluntary Fatherhood
- January 10: The Power of Speaking Out
- January 10: Link-O-Rama